What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (2023)

Imagine buying a piece of digital artwork on the Internet at a reasonable price and getting a unique digital token known which proves your authority over the artwork you bought. Wouldn't it be great? Well, that opportunity exists now, thanks to NFTs.

NFTs are currently taking the digital art and collectables world by storm. Just as everyone worldwide believed Bitcoin was the digital answer to currency, NFTs are now pitched as the digital answer to collectibles. Asa result, digital artists are seeing their lives changing thanks to the massive sales to a new crypto audience.

If you are interested in NFTs and want to explore more about what they are, you have come to the right place. Let’s dive in and see what all the fuss is about!

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What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (1)

What is NFT?

NFT means non-fungible tokens (NFTs), which are generally created using the same type of programming used for cryptocurrencies. In simple terms these cryptographic assets are based on blockchain technology. They cannot be exchanged or traded equivalently like other cryptographic assets.

Like Bitcoin or Ethereum. The term NFT clearly represents it can neither be replaced nor interchanged because it has unique properties. Physical currency and cryptocurrency are fungible, which means that they can be traded or exchanged for one another.

What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (2)

    • NFT stands for a non-fungible token, which means it can neither be replaced nor interchanged because it has unique properties.

    Key Features of NFT -

    • Digital Asset - NFT is a digital asset that represents Internet collectibles like art, music, and games with an authentic certificate created by blockchain technology that underlies Cryptocurrency.
    • Unique - It cannot be forged or otherwise manipulated.
    • Exchange - NFT exchanges take place with cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin on specialist sites.

    Read more: Best Cryptocurrencies for Long-term Investment in 2022

    Cryptopunks is a notable example of an NFT. It enables you to buy, sell and store 10,000 collectibles with proof-of-ownership.

    What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (3)

    (Video) NFTs, Explained

    How Does NFT Work?

    Now that you've taken your initial steps in understanding what an NFT is, you should continue on and learn about how an NFT works.

    What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (4)

    • The majority of NFTs reside on the Ethereum cryptocurrency's blockchain, a distributed public ledger that records transactions.
    • NFTs are individual tokens with valuable information stored in them.
    • Because they hold a value primarily set by the market and demand, they can be bought and sold just like other physical types of art.
    • NFTs' unique data makes it easy to verify and validate their ownership and the transfer of tokens between owners.

    Examples of NFT

    The NFT world is relatively new to people. Here are some examples of NFTs that exist today:

    • A Digital Collectible
    • Domain Names
    • Games
    • Essays
    • Sneakers in fashion line

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    What is NFT Used For?

    People interested in Crypto-trading and people who like to collect artwork often use NFTs. Other than that, it has some other uses too like:

    • Digital Content - The most significant use of NFTs today is in digital content. Content creators see their profits enhanced by NFTs, as they power a creator economy where creators have the ownership of their content over to the platforms they use to publicize it.

    What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (6)

    • Gaming Items - NFTs have garnered considerable interest from game developers. NFTs can provide a lot of benefits to the players. Normally, in an online game, you can buy items for your character, but that’s as far as it goes. With NFTs, you can recoup your money by selling the items once you’re finished with them.

    What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (7)

    • Investment and Collaterals - Both NFT and DeFi (Decentralized Finance) share the same infrastructure. DeFi applications let you borrow money by using collateral. NFT and DeFi both work together to explore using NFTs as collateral instead.

    What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (8)

    • Domain Names - NFTs provide your domain with an easier-to-remember name. This works like a website domain name, making its IP address more memorable and valuable, usually based on length and relevance.

    What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (9)

    Even celebrities like Snoop Dogg, Shawn Mendes, and Jack Dorsey are taking an interest in the NFT by releasing unique memories and artwork and selling them as securitized NFTs.

    NBA Top Shot Is a Hot NFT Use Case

    One of the most popular non-fungible tokens in recent days isNBA Top Shot, a partnership between Dapper Labs (makers of the CryptoKitties game) and the National Basketball Association (NBA). The NBA licenses individual highlight video reels, among other content, to Dapper Labs, and they digitize the footage and make it available for sale to consumers. Each reel shows a video clip, such as a famous player's basketball dunk, some featuring different angles and digital artwork to make them unique. Even if someone made a perfect copy of the video, it can be instantly recognizable as a counterfeit. The venture has already generated $230 million in sales, and the company just also received$305 million in fundingfrom a group that includes Michael Jordan and Kevin Durant.

    (Video) NFT Explained In 5 Minutes | What Is NFT? - Non Fungible Token | NFT Crypto Explained | Simplilearn

    These video reels are selling at high prices.Among the most popular:

    • LeBron James “Cosmic” Dunk: $208,000
    • Zion Williamson “Holo MMXX” Block: $100,000
    • LeBron James “From the Top” Block: $100,000
    • LeBron James “Throwdowns” Dunk: $100,000
    • LeBron James “Holo MMXX” Dunk: $99,999
    • Steph Curry “Deck the Hoops” Handles: $85,000
    • Giannis Antetokounmpo “Holo MMXX” Dunk: $85,000
    • LeBron James “From the Top” Dunk: $80,000

    These unique NBA moments are minted and released into the marketplacevia “pack drops.”The most common sell for only nine dollars, but more exclusive packs can sell for much more.

    Now that you’ve understood what is NFT used for, and the various ways you can benefit from it, let’s take a look at how it is specifically different from other forms on cryptocurrency

    Why Are NFTs Becoming Popular?

    NFTs have actually been around since 2015, but they are now experiencing a boost in popularity thanks to several factors. First, and perhaps most obviously, is the normalization and excitement of cryptocurrencies and the underlying blockchain frameworks. Beyond the technology itself is the combination of fandom, the economics of royalties, and the laws of scarcity. Consumers all want to get in on the opportunity to own unique digital content and potentially hold them as a type of investment.

    When someone buys a non-fungible token, they gain ownership of the content, but it can still make its way over the Internet. In this way, an NFT can gain popularity — the more it’s seen online, the more value it develops. When the asset is sold, the original creator gets a 10 percent cut, with the platform getting a small percentage and the current owner getting the rest of that revenue. Thus, there is potential for ongoing revenue from popular digital assets as they are bought and sold over time.

    Authenticity is the name of the game with NFTs. Digital collectibles contain distinguishing information that make them distinct from any other NFT and easily verifiable, thanks to the blockchain. Creating and circulating fake collectibles doesn’t work because each item can be traced back to the original creator or issuer. And, unlike cryptocurrencies, they can’t be directly exchanged with one another (like baseball cards in real life) because no two are the same.

    Are NFTs Mainstream Now?

    So, with all the fuss made over NFTs, is it accurate to say that they’re now mainstream? This article makes a strong case for believing that NFTs are now baked into the public consciousness. It doesn’t hurt that a number of high-profile celebrities have ventured into NFT waters.

    While perhaps it may be premature to say “Yes, NFTs are definitely mainstream now,” if they continue on this trajectory, 2022 could be the year where we know that NFTs are here to stay.

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    What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (10)

    How is an NFT Different From Other Cryptocurrencies?

    Although NFTs are created using the same kind of programming language as other cryptocurrencies, that's where the similarity ends.

    Other Cryptocurrency


    • Cryptocurrencies are “fungible”; they can be traded or exchanged for one another. They’re also equal in value.
    • For example, one Bitcoin is always equal to another Bitcoin, or one Dollar is always equal to one Dollar.

    • Each NFT acts as a digital signature that makes it impossible for them to be exchanged for or equal to one another.

    • For example, The Last Supper is a painting of a kind and cannot be exchanged with another painting.

    Also Read: Bitcoin vs Ethereum: Which One is Better?

    (Video) How To Make Money With NFTs As A Beginner In 2022 (Easy 15 Minute Guide)

    Ethereum and NFTs

    What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (11)

    Ethereum blockchain makes it possible for NFTs to work for several reasons:

    • Trading NFTs, without needing peer-to-peer platforms, can take significant cuts as compensation.
    • All Ethereum products share the same "backend", making NFTs portable to buy on one product and sell it on another effortlessly.
    • Once a transaction is confirmed, it's impossible to manipulate the data to forge the ownership.
    • Ethereum never goes down, which means your tokens will always be available to sell.

    Penguin Communities

    Pudgy Penguin is a popular non-fungible token community, a cryptocurrency subcategory representing ownership in a unique asset: 8,888 penguins on the Ethereum blockchain, organized into one collection. Pudgy Penguin is just one of many communities out there that offer benefits and other advantages to members, such as having a membership on a shared Discord server or gaining access to a private Telegram channel that lets you talk with other owners.

    Many NFT projects have their own communities, where members can collaborate, share ideas, and support or buy each other’s projects or art.

    How to Buy NFTs?

    Having understood what NFTs are used for and its specific advantages over other cryptocurrencies, you might want to venture into buying NFTs. If so, you will need to acquire some essential items before you do it:

    • You’ll need a digital wallet that allows you to store your NFTs and cryptocurrencies.
    • Then you need to purchase some cryptocurrency depending on what currencies your NFT provider accepts, most likely Ether. You can use platforms like OpenSea, Coinbase, Kraken, PayPal, etc., to buy cryptocurrencies.
    • Once you’ve made your cryptocurrency purchase, you can move it from the exchange to your wallet.

    Bear in mind, that many exchanges charge a small percentage of your crypto purchase transaction as fees.

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    Popular NFT Marketplaces

    Once you’ve got your wallet ready, all you need to do is to buy NFT. Currently, the largest NFT marketplaces are:

    • Rarible - Rarible is a democratic marketplace that allows artists and creators to issue and sell NFTs. It enables holders to weigh in on features like fees and community rules.

    What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (12)

    • OpenSea - To get started, all you need to do is create an account on the official website of OpenSea and browse NFT collections and discover new artists. This platform is famously known as a vast collection of rare digital items and collectibles.

    What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (13)

    • Foundation - On this platform, artists need to receive from or send an invitation from fellow creators to post their art. This community’s exclusivity boasts higher-caliber artwork, assuming the demand for NFTs remains at current levels or even increases over time.

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    What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (14)

    How Does the Future of NFT Look Like?

    What is NFT and How Does NFT Work? Everything You Need to Know (15)

    (Video) How to Make Money with NFTs for Beginners 2022 [FREE COURSE]

    NFT has enhanced media exposure and special perks for aspiring artists on social media. Recently, Jack Dorsey, the CEO and co-founder of Twitter, with his very first and famous tweet, "just setting up my twttr," and Vignesh Sundaresan, famously known as "Metakovan," bought 69.3 million dollars worth of NFT art on Beeple.

    Owing to its increasing popularity, people are now willing to pay hundreds of thousands of dollars for NFTs.

    Like David Gerard, author of Attack of the 50-foot Blockchain, many experts in the crypto industry say that around 40% of new crypto users will use NFTs as their entry point. As a result of its growing popularity, NFT could represent a more significant part of the digital economy in the future.


    1. What are some examples of non-fungible tokens?

    NFTs can represent any asset digitally. It can be online-only assets such as digital artwork or real assets like real estate. Some examples are in-game avatars, digital/ non-digital collectibles, tickets, domain names, and more.

    2. How can I buy NFTs?

    Most non-fungible tokens can be purchased with Ether only. So, owning and storing them in a digital wallet is the primary step. You can buy NFTs via an online NFT marketplace such as OpenSea, SuperRare, and Rarible.

    3. Are NFTs safe?

    NFTs that use blockchain technology like cryptocurrency are generally secure. Their distributed nature makes NFTs nearly impossible to hack. The only security risk is that you could lose access to your NFTs if the hosting platform goes out of business.

    4. What does non-fungible mean?

    Fungibility is a term from economics describing the interchangeability of products/ goods. For instance, an item such as a dollar bill is fungible when it is interchangeable with any other dollar bill. Contrastingly, non-fungible means the item is unique or distinguishable. For example, if you take a dollar bill and have it signed by a famous artist, it will become unique.

    5. What are NFTs, exactly?

    NFTs or non-fungible tokens are digital assets based on blockchain technology. Anything can become an NFT—a piece of art, sports memorabilia, or even a tweet.

    6. What are NFTs used for?

    NFTs are digital files. They can be a jpeg of a piece of art, real estate, or a video. Turning files into NFTs helps secure them via blockchain to make buying, selling and trading efficient, reducing fraud considerably.

    7. How do NFTs and crypto connect?

    Like cryptocurrencies, non-fungible tokens also exist on a blockchain. It confirms the ownership and unique identity of the digital asset. A technology similar to Bitcoin and Ethereum is used to build NFTs. In fact, Ethereum is the widely accepted crypto in the NFT market.

    8. Why do people buy NFTs?

    NFTs are considered a safe investment option. These tokenized assets are accessible to everyone. They empower you with basic usage rights. Moreover, most buyers invest in them because they believe the assets will hold value in the future.

    9. What are the best ways to make money from NFTs?

    Some of the best ways to maximize the return from NFTs include Renting, Earning royalties, Trading NFTs, NFT gaming and Adopting NFT-powered yield farming.

    10. Should I invest in an NFT?

    Experts suggest that NFTs can be a good investment because you can resell them for profit. Several NFT marketplaces allow sellers to get royalties for their sold assets. However, proper research is necessary before investing so that you can gauge whether it suits your demands.

    11. What's the difference between NFTs and cryptocurrency?

    Both cryptocurrencies and NFTs use the blockchain network for ownership verification. However, unlike a cryptocurrency, an NFT can't be directly exchanged with another NFT. NFTs are sold but not traded like securities on digital exchanges. In contrast, cryptocurrencies can be traded like securities.


    Thanks to this “What is an NFT?” tutorial, you have now seen everything you need to know about what an NFT is, how it works, its uses, and how you can buy them.

    (Video) NFTs Are Fueling a Boom in Digital Art. Here’s How They Work | WSJ

    Whether you're an experienced Blockchain developer or just an enthusiast who wants to explore more about NFTs, cryptocurrencies, and blockchain, you can enroll in Simplilearn's Blockchain Bootcamp in collaboration with the University of Minnesota. This program helps you learn and explore more about cryptocurrencies, blockchain, and all the associated technology, accommodating all levels of experience.

    Do you have any questions for us? Please feel free to drop them in the comments section of this article, and our experts will get back to you as soon as possible.


    What exactly is NFT and how does it work? ›

    Non-fungible tokens or NTFs are cryptographic assets which sit on a blockchain – that is, a distributed public ledger that records transactions. Each NFT contains unique identification codes that distinguish them from each other. This data makes it easy to transfer tokens between owners and to verify ownership.

    What is an NFT everything you need to know? ›

    What are NFTs? Non-Fungible Tokens or NFTs for short are crypto tokens that are unique and represent a non-interchangeable set of metadata that's stored on a blockchain. Fungible tokens, on the other hand, are interchangeable. Tokens such as Bitcoin and Ethereum are examples of fungible tokens.

    How does an NFT make money? ›

    The direct and effective method of making money with NFTs is to create and sell them. Yes, you can create and sell anything digital such as arts, images, videos, memes, properties, etc., as NFTs. If you have a notch to creativity, you can monetize all your creations by selling them as NFT.

    What do you actually do with an NFT? ›

    What are NFTs used for? Essentially, NFTs can represent any form of digital file, whether that's a jpeg of a piece of art, a video, or even real estate. Turning these files into 'tokens' and securing them on a blockchain make buying, selling and trading these files efficient and reduce fraud.

    Is NFT actual money? ›

    An NFT is a digital asset that can come in the form of art, music, in-game items, videos, and more. They are bought and sold online, frequently with cryptocurrency, and they are generally encoded with the same underlying software as many cryptos.

    Why do people buy from NFT? ›

    NFTs are like owning a piece of a company when you purchase them from a brand. Some cool perks compensate for your investment and trust in the brand like – special invites, air and merch drops, discounts, limited editions, and more to enrich your digital portfolio.

    How much money do you need for an NFT? ›

    On average, the cost of creating NFT ranges from $0.05 to over $150. The cost of creating NFTs depends on various factors such as the cost of blockchain, gas fee, marketplace account fee, listing fee etc. Ethereum and Solana are the most expensive and cheapest blockchain, respectively.

    Do you need money to make NFT? ›

    The only requirement for creating an NFT is an online account. Using an NFT's blockchain, it can be stored anywhere. It is possible to create an NFT for free on a popular NFT hosting site. This service charges a monthly fee.

    What is the most expensive NFT ever sold? ›

    The Most Expensive NFTs Ever Sold
    • Merge — US$91.8M.
    • The First 5000 Days — US$69.3M.
    • Clock — US$52.7M.
    • HUMAN ONE — ~US$29M.
    • CryptoPunk #5822 — US$23.7M.
    Jan 4, 2023

    Is investing in NFTs a good idea? ›

    NFTs are an exciting new medium for collecting digital art, but they're no good as investments. The odds of losing some or all of your money on an NFT investment are extremely high. And with Blue Chips and index funds still around, you simply don't need NFTs to become independently wealthy.

    Do you own the image of an NFT? ›

    Copyright law does not give an NFT owner any rights unless the creator takes affirmative steps to make sure that it does — ideally, by executing a standard, formal copyright license to the work connected to the NFT.

    How much can an NFT sell for? ›

    How much do NFTs sell for? The average price of an NFT can vary anywhere from $100 to $1,400, depending on its scarcity, utility, and popularity. Additionally, fluctuations in the value of the underlying cryptocurrency may impact a non-fungible token's price.

    Can you turn NFT money into cash? ›

    Once you have received the money, you can sell it on the crypto exchange you use to convert it to fiat. Once you have sold your crypto, you will receive the money in fiat, and then you may send it to your normal bank card.

    How many dollars is a NFT? ›

    1 NFT = 0.01704 USD

    How does the market feel about NFT today?

    Will my NFT actually sell? ›

    Most people interested in creating and selling NFTs are digital creatives. So in short: Yes, it is hard to sell an NFT unless you already have an audience. As with anything, you need to find your buyers, and they don't come just because you uploaded something on a marketplace or website.

    What is an NFT for beginners? ›

    NFT stands for non-fungible token. “Non-fungible” means something is one-of-a-kind and can't be replaced. Think of the Mona Lisa painting — there's only one in the world. NFTs are digital assets that represent things like art, virtual avatars, GIFs, videos, trading cards and even memes.

    What are the rules of an NFT? ›

    As explained above, NFTs can theoretically be “tethered” to a legal right. But there are two separate rights in play here: the right to possess one copy of the creative work (the way one could possess a tungsten cube), and the right to make copies and create derivatives of the original creative work.


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